As this graph demonstrates if Trimethoprim is administered to different age groups over time then the rate of resistance to trimethoprim increases in the bacteria. From 2009 till 2010 we can see that the increase of resistance did not change very crucially. Even though 2009 till 2010 did not change from 2010 till 2011 the rate of resistance increased very fast. Also from 2011 till 2012 the rate of resistance increased even faster. This increase of resistance is happening because we are prescribing antibiotics too often then we should. So we are creating Superbugs which are immune to some antibiotics.
The Hypothesis of “If trimethoprim is administered to different groups of patients over time, then we notice that the rate of resistance to trimethoprim increases in bacteria” is valid because we are using antibiotics even though we do not need them. Bacteria can be found everywhere, but most bacteria are harmless to the human body. A human body has more than trillions of bacteria, that help the body to survive. On the other hand there are other bacteria that can invade a human body, spread quickly and kill. More than million people used to die due to a result of bacterial infections, until we developed medicine that would cure the infections – antibiotics.
Antibiotics kill most of the harmful bacteria and then leave the rest of the survivors for the immune system can take care of them, but if they escape they might spread their immunity. Bacteria are made up of 2 types of DNA, Plasmids and Chromosomes. There are two ways bacteria can spread their immunity. The first is that bacteria can share plasmids to exchange useful abilities. This way, immunity can be spread quickly through all bacteria. The second way is through a process called transformation, were bacteria can harvest abilities from dead bacteria, this transformation can lead to superbugs. There are different types of superbugs, and each superbugs is immune to multiple antibiotics. Today we think of antibiotics as a normal medicine that we can buy everywhere. This leads to a problem, millions of people in developing countries still do not have access to antibiotics. While in other parts of the world antibiotics are prescribed too freely. Another cause of Antibiotic resistance is that humans add antibiotics in meat, because humans want cheap meat, so the animals are held in horrible condition, in very tight places and unhygienic situations. Many animals are given antibiotics to prevent them from getting sick. This causes a system of more and more bacteria that are immune to some of the bacteria. This bacteria that is immune to some antibiotics is called a . Superbug. To Counteract the Superbugs we use different antibiotics and very strong antibiotics that are called Super Antibiotics which wipe out the Superbugs which have developed a resistance. Although this Super antibiotic is very strong there are strict rules on when a human can use it, to avoid another creation of a even stronger super bacterium.
Evaluate the Method- Improvement
The Method: Data were gathered from a large population of hospital patients suffering from a range of common bacterial infections each year from 2009 to 2013. The ages of the patients ranged from 12 to 82. Different bacteria caused the infections.