Imagine having to run for your life whenever the sound of a gunshot is
fired, imagine how life is living in trenches and unhealthy conditions, that
was the life of every civilian and solider during WWI. World War I has a lot of
different names, it is also known as “The Great War” and “The War to End All
Wars”, but they all share one similar word “war”. WWI started around the
ending of July 1914 till November 11th, 1918, it lasted approximately
for 4 years, 3 months and 2 weeks. 32 countries were involved in this Great
There are many theories about how World War I started, but many
historians believe that when Archduke Ferdinand, heir to the Austro-Hungarian
throne, was assassinated by Gavrilo Princp in Sarajevo – currently the
capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina – is what
triggered the start of WWI.
Gavrilo Pricp was a Bosnian Serb who was a member of the “Black Hand”, a
secret military association whose purpose was to be liberated from the
Austro-Hungarian Empire and create their own independent country “Yugoslavia”. The
assassination was an immediate cause of WWI, but there are multiple long-term
causes such as, Imperialism, Nationalism, Militarism, and Alliances.
As the wars increased, new forms of weapons, tanks, airplanes,
submarines, etc…. were needed. During WWI a lot of new inventions occurred,
such as, poison gas, hydrophones, tanks, tracer bullets, air traffic control,
aircraft carriers, pilotless drones, and mobile x-ray machine.
The important alliances that happened before the start of WWI are:
Entente: Great Britain, France and Russia.
Alliance: Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy.
The allies fought against the central powers during WWI.
Serbia, France, United Kingdom, Italy, Belgium and the United States.
Germany, the Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria.
The Zimmerman Telegram is one of the keys that led to the end of WWI,
where Germany asked Mexico to join them, in return, Germany promised to help
Mexico reclaim their lost territories. Russia backed up from the war in year
1917 (before the end of the war), its economy fell and its people were
starving. This led to the Russian Revolution and the rise of the Bolsheviks, as
well as the loss of the Tsars’ power.
The Armistice of 11 November 1918, is an agreement that calmed down the
wars on the Western Front, it marked as a victory for the allies – even though
Germany did not surrender yet –. Eventually, Germany surrendered on
November 11th 1918, knowing they have already lost.
With the ending events of World War I, a treaty had to be made to settle
down the situation. The Treaty of Versailles was signed in Paris, 5
years after the start of the war, it was the main treaty that ended the
conflict between Germany and its rivals. Many historians believe that this
treaty was unfair and it could be the cause of the start of WWII, because the
treaty made Germany give up most of its lands.
World War I is known to be the deadliest war in history, the number of
deaths of both military and civilian is around 18 million deaths; it also left
23 million injured people behind, some wounded, amputated, distorted and others
between life and death.
After the Treaty of Versailles was signed, new nations formed: