In combined death toll estimated at more than

In small Pacific islands,
these changes include sea level rise, coastal erosion, increased incidence of
drought, coral bleaching, and storm surges (Mimura et al., 2007) i.e. Tuvalu
which was the first recognised incidence of human experienced climate change
affecting livelihood of it’s inhabitants and their inability to prevent
catastrophy. These first climate refugees were pinned as an example to the
western world which would hopefully finally understand the great pressures
which have been put on island nations in the face of climate change, however
nothing has changed.  Europe,
geographically is central to many high risk areas of the globe i.e. Africa,
south east Europe and the Middle East. Europe is also seen to have a relatively
stable economy with good education, healthcare and welfare systems and due to
this has become a somewhat idealised heaven for many migrants. However Europe
experienced the largest influx of migrants at the beginning of 2015, when
rising numbers of people arrived in the (EU), travelling across the Mediterranean Sea or overland through Southeast Europe.
According to the UN
High Commissioner for Refugees,
the top three nationalities of entrants of the over one million Mediterranean
Sea arrivals between January 2015 and March 2016 were Syrian (46.7%), Afghan (20.9%)
and Iraqi (9.4%)
due to the war and the emergence of the Arab spring. The number of deaths at
sea rose to record levels in April 2015, when five boats carrying almost 2,000
migrants to Europe sank in the Mediterranean Sea, with a combined death toll estimated at more than
1,200 people.  The total number of forcibly displaced people worldwide
at the end of 2014 was almost 60 million, the highest level since World War II.
The European Union governments refused to fund the Italian-run rescue
option Operation
Mare Nostrum. In the first six months
of 2015, Greece overtook Italy as the first EU country of arrival, becoming, in
the summer 2015, the starting point of a flow of refugees and migrants moving
through Balkan countries to Northern European countries, mainly Germany and Sweden. The
European Union has struggled to cope with the crisis, increasing funding for
border patrol operations in the Mediterranean, devising plans to fight migrant smuggling, search and rescue missions and in providing
basic housing and food for these migrants when they arrive. Individual
countries have at times reintroduced border controls within the Schengen Area,
and rifts have emerged between countries willing to allow entry of asylum-seekers
for processing of refugee claims and others countries trying to discourage
their entry for processing. According to Eurostat, EU
member states received over 1.2
million first-time asylum applications in 2015, more than double that of the
previous year. More than 1 million migrants crossed the Mediterranean Sea in 2015, sharply dropping to 364,000 in
2016. If the refugee crisis of 2015 – now was anything to learn from we now
know that without the correct infrastructure, policy and organisation another
refugee crisis this time due to climate would cause havoc in Europe both
politically, financially and morally for the politicians governing these
countries.