Information systems has started
over 50 years ago and it over time, it has changed the way we do business
across the globe. It has facilitated us to communicate, manage and make
intelligent business decisions. Different technologies that are coming up
change and increase the productivity of an individual and the entire
organization. Keeping up with the latest technological trends is not only a
business luxury but has become necessary to compete in the market, where
adapting to new technologies means growth.
Some of the trends in information technology are as
Major services offered
by Cloud Computing could be diversified into Infrastructure as a Service
(IaaS), Platform as a Service (PaaS) and Software as a Service (SaaS).
§ Cloud computing reduces IT
infrastructure cost of the company.
§ Cloud computing enhances the
concept of virtualization which enables server and storage device to be
utilized across organization.
§ Cloud computing makes maintenance
of software and hardware easier as installation is not required on each end
Some issues concerning cloud computing are privacy,
compliance, security, legal, abuse, IT governance, etc.
2) Mobile application:
Another emerging trend within information
technology is mobile applications (software application on Smart phone, tablet,
Mobile application has become a success since its
introduced. They are designed to run on Smartphone, tablets and other mobile
devices. They are available as a download from various mobile operating systems
like IOS, Blackberry, Nokia, etc. Some of the mobile app are available free
where as some involve download cost. The revenue collected is shared between
app distributor and app developer.
User interface has undergone a revolution since
introduction of touch screen. The touch screen capability has revolutionized
way end users interact with application. Touch screen enables the user to
directly interact with what is displayed and also removes any intermediate
hand-held device like the mouse.
Touch screen capability is utilized in smart
phones, tablet, information kiosks and other information appliances.
§ The field of analytics has shown growth in the field of data analytics,
predictive analytics and social analytics.
§ Data analytics is tool used to support decision-making process. It
converts raw data into meaningful information.
§ Predictive analytics is tool used to predict future events based on
current and historical information.
§ Social media analytics is tool used by companies to understand and
accommodate customer needs.
Some of the Evolutions in information technology
are as follows
Transaction processing systems – these
process data resulting from business transactions, update operational
databases, and produce business documents. Examples: sales and inventory
processing and accounting systems.
Management information systems –
provide information in the form of pre-specified reports and displays to
support business decision making. Examples: sales analysis, production
performance and cost trend reporting systems.
systems – provide interactive ad hoc support for the decision-making processes
of managers and other business professionals. Examples: product pricing,
profitability forecasting and risk analysis systems.
Enterprise resource planning
Internet and web enabled enterprise
systems. Internet and globally connected systems which facilitated great
management tools in time and money.