This is the collection of metabolic diseases where by one has a high
blood glucose, either due to inadequate
insulin production or because the body cells do not react properly to insulin
or both .symptoms of high blood
sugar are;regular urination, increased thirst, and increased hunger (James M, 2010).
TYPES OF DIABETES
Type 1 diabetes-this is where by the body does not produce insulin at
all. It is known as as insulin dependent
diabetes or early onset diabetes. It mostly develops before the in early adulthood or teenage years. It has
the least percentage of all diabetes
cases .Secondly, Type 2 diabetes-this is where by the body does not produce enough insulin for
proper functioning. It has the highest percentage of all diabetes cases.
Thirdly, Gestational diabetes-This one affects females during pregnancy. It can
be controlled through exercise but a given percentage of patients will need to
take some kind of blood glucose-controlling medications.undiagnosed or
uncontrolled gestational diabetes can raise risk of complications during child birth:
the baby may be bigger than the normal size Bingley PJ, (2011).
Causes of diabetes
Diabetes can be caused by; Viral or bacterial infection, Chemical toxins
within food, Unidentified
component resulting to autoimmune reaction,
Obesity, Living an inactive lifestyle, Increased age and also Bad diet (Kirkman MS, 2010).
Symptoms of diabetes
Mostly frequent urination,also being really thirsty, Feeling tired than usual even
after doing a less engaging task, unplanned weight loss, uncomfortable genital itching and also cuts and wounds take longer to heal due to
the weakened white blood cells in the body and also Blurred vision (Colucci RA, 2011).
Medication for the diabetes type 1 patients is a insulin injections for
their lifetime. They must also ensure proper blood glucose levels be carrying
out regular blood tests and following a special diet. Some people may be able
to control their type 2 diabetes symptoms by losing weight following a healthy
diet doing plenty of exercise and monitoring their blood glucose levels. If
this type gets worse the patients end up taking insulin in tablet form. This
can be controlled through exercise and diabetes but a given percentage of
patients will need to take some kind of blood glucose-controlling medications.undiagnosed
or uncontrolled gestational diabetes can raise risk of complications during
child birth: the baby may be bigger than the normal size (Palmer K 2012).
Diabetes is a sluggish
killer with no identified curable treatment. However, its complications can be
reduced through thorough awareness and timely treatment. It is vital to ensure
the blood glucose levels of patients are under strict control to avoid the complications.
Generally regular exercise can not only in enhanced control of blood sugar but
also helps to manage weight and blood pressure as it decelerates the bad
cholesterol and accelerate the level of good cholesterol in the blood (Goldfine