INTRODUCTION IT sector 4. Innovation and Entrepreneurship Digitization

INTRODUCTION
Ministry
of data Technology and telecommunication has finally issued the long information
Technology Policy of  Pakistan and has
free it within the name of “Digital Pakistan Policy 2017″. Ministry of info
technology worked on the policy for many years, accessed all classes of
shareholders and worked on nearly each feature to issue the ultimate policy .
To effectively address and improve the international rankings in governance. The
IT policy focuses on four wide areas for implementing the policy laws. the govt
of Pakistan (GOP) tries to boost its voters quality of life and economic
comfort by guaranteeing handiness of approachable, affordable, reliable,
universal and top quality ICT services. political party and Ministry of IT
powerfully believe mass approval of evolving digital technologies and
applicable applications as enablers of cross-sector socio-economic development
and transformation of economic activities, governance models and social
interaction . MOIT stated that this policy will act as the base
pillar in the development of a universal Digital Network in the country. It
will utilize innovative ideas and mechanisms for the quick transfer of new
generation digital services, features and substance.

VISION  OF
DIGITAL POLICY
The vision with regards to Digital Pakistan Policy is:                                                                                         

” To become a
strategic enabler, for an accelerated             digitization ecosystem, to expand
knowledge based   economy and drive socio
economic growth”

SALIENT FEATURES

The following four complete points reflect the main
focus of the digital policy of  Pakistan.
These points will help to improve the intercontinental rankings in
administration, enterprise, learning capital, demand and supply, and ICT
abilities. They are ;

1.Digitization of Sector
2.Collaboration of cross-sector
3. Sustainability of IT sector
4. Innovation and Entrepreneurship

Digitization of Sectors :
the
digitization process is basically  the process of converting information into a
digital format , like the conversion of  text, pictures, or sound into a format that
can be processed by a computer . Sectoral Digitization development of
applicable next generation services, applications and content will help
transform key economic sectors. The agriculture sector can be expanded through information
distribution systems to transform Pakistan into a regional bread basket. The healthcare
sector can be transformed through applications for Tele-health for patients and
remote continuous medical education for doctors. Financial services can be
transformed by making payment gateways and mobile banking services available to
all (digital financial inclusion). Smart networks and meter system can address
issues that outbreak the energy and utilities sector. To ensure their mass
adoption, digital services and applications can transform economic sectors by being
related and delivering value by cost-effectively solving problems of citizens,
consumers, enterprises and government.

Cross-sector
collaboration :
This
Digital Pakistan Policy reports the need to create a complete Digitization
Network with infrastructure and institutional bases, engagement models,
monitoring and measurement devices for improved communication, coordination
& relationship within ICT sector and with other sectors of socio-economic
development through quicker Sectoral Digitization.

i. the MoIT want to make a holistic digitization in which they want to
make  “Technology Parks” in a major city
of each province. If possible, located on or close to the campus of  universities  to promote cross-sectoral teamwork and build
required professional skills for the ICT and ICT-enabled sectors.
ii. Shared Service Centers, including shared cloud services, at each Technology
Park to deliver interactions, economies of scale and enable innovators and
entrepreneurs to concentrate on their core competencies.
iii. Incentives for initiatives – banks, pharmaceuticals, healthcare, telecom
etc. – to locate their R&D centers at TPs to promote cross-sector
collaboration and digitization.
iv. Promote entrepreneurship through ‘Technology Incubators’ and arrangement of
Project Capital funds

IT Sector Sustainability:
To
attain holistic digitization , there is a need to report both supply and demand
side incompetence towards motivating demand and creating a workable  IT sector:

i. a multi-channel e-government platform is required
to increase the quality and reach of public services.

ii. 3G/4G mobile range sale
of 2014 has boosted broadband  mobile
internet penetration, increased smart phone usage, generated demand for  digital services and applications, and enhanced
the digitization of government and all sectors of socioeconomic development
(See figure 1 below)

 

 

 

Internet
useage

 

 

 

                                                                                                                                 
                         

iii.
In addition , this Digital Pakistan Policy also represents a model shift  in Research 
and Innovation in developing technologies and their strategic
utilization through commercialization opportunities to create new solutions, new
companies and new jobs.

Entrepreneurship
and Innovation:
Entrepreneurship
play an important role in economic growth of Pakistan  in light of the quick advancement of information
technology and growing importance of knowledge .improvement in Entrepreneurship
, research and innovation  to deliver
innovative solutions and services and these solutions  will be promoted through:

i.                   
Human resource development in
traditional sectors as well as new and developing technology domains.
ii. by introducing the  Venture Capital
funds for Incubation Centers.
iii. Technology Incubators at each Technology Park to commercialize new
innovations and products and create new companies and sustainable employment.
iv. National level competitions on regular basis in all key developing
technologies .
 v. Applications to promote and encourage
innovation and entrepreneurship.

PROBLEMS :
Educational Issues:
Education is considered as the backbone of modern economies which plays a
significant role in the implementation of 
digital policy . In Pakistan less attention has been paid to the
education sector while higher education is the most neglected one. The
computer and information literacy play a meaninful role in the implementation
of  digital policy Pakistan  in the organizational structures . so the
biggest issues in the educational sector 
are :

1: Lack of uniformity in courses.
2: out-dated curriculum  and poor faculty
are barriers to the  implementation of
digital policy  in the country.
3: Currently
no official data is available on the number of schools having access to
broadband internet.
3: Health sector is of the view that quality of the IT professionals is poor
and are incompetent to the meet the national IT requirements.

Bureaucratic
Issues:
The
administrative machinery of the country plays a key role in the success or
otherwise failure of the digital process. The major issues include the negative
and non-cooperative attitude and poor support for implementation of the IT
policies besides weighty procedures and lack of information technology know-how
on the part of bureaucracy. Moreover, the development of enough infrastructure
for online transactions and eGovernment needs both physical and legal
infrastructure which again depends on the interest of government officials. who
provide funds  for the development of
physical infrastructure and control legal infrastructure.

1: Public sector says that bureaucracy is somehoe playing a negative  role in the promotion and development of  IT infrastructure in Pakistan .
2:Private sector is of the view that Government IT policies are unreliable for
IT promotion

Political
Issues :
The
political conditions of pakistan is the biggest and threating problem for the
implementation of the digital policy :
1:
Public sector is of the view that political environment is  unstable for the development of IT in the
country .
2: Political untability of the government itself reflects the  threatening IT in Pakistan.
3: Management perceives a gap between users and developers due to organizational
IT immaturity than IT Professionals.

Social
Issues :
Social
factors, beliefs and expectations are considered as important factors for
successful of digital policy of Pakistan , Navareete and Pick (2003) and
Hageenaars (2003) argue that social factors are the most significant success
determinants or otherwise failure as belief, expectations, culture and value
vary from setting to setting, so detailed analysis of the social and cultural
factors help the management how to successfully undertake IT projects and these
social beliefs are uncovered in the policy paper , many employees in the
organizations don’t have any know about the digital policy and implementation
of the policy is the biggest risk for them .

1: It is perceived by employees as threat to their economic
and social status in the organizations.

CONCLUSION
& RECOMMENDATIONS:

 The policy implementation will require constant
monitoring and evaluation of its results . However, an suitable strategy will also
be prepared to implement the policy to make the digital Pakistan . IT Ministry
will encourage provinces and bodies to use this Digital Pakistan Policy as a
guideline for their own IT advantages. Provinces can identify their own  requirements and implementation of the policy .
However broader placement to the national level Digital Pakistan Policy must be
confirmed. For the implementation of the digital policy of Pakistan they must
give the know how to all the department  and to make infrastructure and introduce new
technologies to  promote e-Governance to
make Pakistan the prime candidate in good governance through IT enablement at
all levels to , clearness and accountability by setting up integrated
government databases and applications. Encourage the use of ICT in public
schools and ensure they are online and have a meaningful impact on the current
education eco-system within three years in a phased manner.