It Gandhi and President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto in

It is evident that UN Security Council’s
resolution attempts to manage an agreement between the two parties on
demilitarization of Kashmir and a plebiscite failed.                                                                                                                     There are several reasons
for India’s preference of bilateral negotiations and the rejection of China’s
offer to act as a mediator in the Kashmir dispute. First of all, India does not
want the internationalization of the Kashmir issue due to its mistrust to
foreign powers which roots back to US’s diplomacy policy with Pakistan while
engaging as a mediator in the conflict in the 1980’s. India has continuously
referred back to the Simla Agreement that was signed by Prime Minister India
Gandhi and President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto in 1972 emphasizing the importance of
bilateral negotiations.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             However,
if past history is any guide, it is clear that attempts to resolve the dispute
without interference has not led to any results either. Interference of China in
the Kashmir conflict is not without complications either. The bilateral
friendship between China and Pakistan has been growing over the years and
particularly the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) has given reasons to
strengthen the relation additionally. However, such is not the case for China-India
relation that stands at a crossroad. They are both rising powers that mean increasing
competition. In addition, India decided to boycott the Belt and Road Initiative
(BRI) summit that was held in Beijing in 2017 as a response to CPEC which India
claims legitimizes Pakistan’s position on the Kashmir issue. India has
therefore                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                However,
China has strong interest in guarding its own investments which mean securing
the region and settling the Kashmir dispute between the two nuclear countries. CPEC
is one of the main motives behind China’s interest in playing the mediator role
in the Kashmir dispute.