The a powerful character of individual and familiar

experience of economic hardship on the scale is the reason why a lot of
countries and its people is suffering and has unavoidable political
consequences. It makes all kinds of social antagonisms kinds become more
intense. This is because the struggle for economic opportunities becomes more
extreme and the cost of losing out cannot be supported. Moreover, it supports economic
migrations, which will produce hostility to immigrants and demands for a
fortress state among the countries which are more developed. Furthermore, the
state of economic depression will make it hard to realize the ideal of equal
citizenship. This will reduce the confidence in the capacity of democratic government
to help solving the problems which are experienced by the society.

Loss of political control

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In the
current economic depression, there are three features which have been practised
to weaken the confidence in democratic government. Firstly, there are a lot of processes
and institutions which regulate the future economy of the country lie outside its
borders. Thus, it is out of control of the supposedly foreign state. The loss of economic control influences all
countries, especially the less developed countries. This is because they do not
have the power to control the prices of raw materials or the terms of debt repayment
and inward investment. Next, on the past two decades, the government have less
power in improving the destiny of the country’s economy, as the market forces
as well as the responses of individuals and firms to the opportunities of the
market will determine the future economy. In
addition, a powerful character of individual and familiar self-interest, which will
reduce the sense of collective responsibility that may support a more active
government. The economic problems and social
interdependence which need collective solutions is still waiting for a
convincing rearticulation in a world where socialism is discredited and any
progressive internationalism is reduced.

Two sided struggle

preservation of democracy is best to be seen as a campaign wages on two fronts concurrently.
From one side, there is a struggle against anti-democratic forces. This might never
have reconciled themselves to free institutions or to the impact of ordinary people
on the process in politics. From another side, there is a struggle to contain
diverse features in politics of democracy. For example, the rivalry to compete
for the government office and the urge to treat politics as a game where the
winners will take all the prizes.

first struggle relies on the range of the institutions and groups within
society which are interested in the survival of democracy and a willingness to protect
it. In contrast, the second be dependent upon a certain self-restraint in the practice
of power and a readiness to keep an open dialogue with an opponent is politics.
Besides that, it will also rely on the respect from the large population in order
to gain the political rights of others. (Beetham & Boyle, 1995)

Advantages of Democracy


Equality of citizenship

The aim
of democracy is to treat all people equally. The requirements for the principle
of equality are the government policy should attend to people’s interests and
count their views equally. Critics of
democracy have always protested that there are lots of people who are too
ignorant, too uneducated as well as too short-sighted to participate in
determining public policy. Therefore, the democrats
respond that we should provide information and give the people some time to
make sense of it. However, they have the perfect capability of acting
responsibly when needed. Just as we presume that all adults will be responsible
for managing their own personal lives, so they also have the capability to
participate in making decisions which will influence the life of their society.

Pluralism and compromise

persuasion and compromise are the three things that democracy relies upon. The democratic emphasis on debate presumes that
opinion and interest have dissimilarity on majority questions of policy.
However, such dissimilarity has a right to be
expressed and listened to. Thus, democracy presupposes diversity and plurality
within society and equality between citizens. In
order to resolve the differences, the methods in democratic are through
discussion, persuasion and compromise rather than by forcible imposition or the
simple assertion of power. Furthermore, democracy
is often caricatured as mere ‘talking shop’. But the capacity of democracy for
public debate need to be looked up as a virtue rather than a vice. This is due to the fact that it is the best way for
securing consent to policy as well as is not inevitable inconsistent with
decisive action.

Guaranteeing basic freedom

It is a
well-known fact basic freedom is guaranteed by democracy. The most common method to express and resolve the difference in
societies’ opinion, is through open discussion. This would never happen without
the freedoms that are preserved in conventions of civil and political rights
which are the rights of free speech and expression, of association with others,
of movement, of security for the person. So, we
can depend on democracies to preserve these rights because they are absolutely
necessary to their own mode of existence. The great thing about such rights is
that it allows individuals to have their own personal development and produce
collective decisions which are better for being experiment against a diverse of
argument and evidence.

Society renewal

One magnificent thing about democracy is that it
gives permission for society renewal. The
democratic systems have the ability to ensure the renewal of society and
generation without any disruption from the government which attends the removal
of key personnel in non-democratic regimes. 
This can be done by understanding the routine and removing the policies
and politicians which have failed or outlived their usefulness peacefully