The impact of the incredible growth of cities during the industrial period was the modern city product of industrialization. Huge systems of communication and transportation, marketing, and finance came together in the industrial city. They also had new forms of urban transportation. For example, horse drawn railways, cable cars, railroads, and trolleys and subways, helped these cities hold together. Bridges also helped to join cities. Such as new skyscrapers soared high into the air and elevators carried people to meetings which helped grow urban space. Many of these helped the growth of cities during industrial period. Political bosses during the gilded age made an impact of the rise in many cities where boss dominated political machines developed in part to resolve those problems. Like corporations, urban machines control and imposed order on the world around them. They provided needed goods and service for homes of the poor to building projects that restore the urban landscape. Through this process poor immigrants sometimes found a way out of poverty and into the American life but the political and economic costs of such services were considerable corrupt and election fraud. Bosses also controlled city agencies that granted licenses to businesses, and funded construction projects. By controlling the city’s finances, and by solving the problems for voters, bosses won loyalty and influence. Social class and ethnicity reflected the lives of immigrants affected city life as much as their native-born counterparts. They bunch up together in ethnic neighborhoods and learning slowly. By the turn of the century over one third of the middle class owned their own homes. More middle class lived in single family residency on suburban fringes of the city. While the husbands was away at the office during the day and the wives at home, and children in school. The middle-class creed of discipline and social control expanded beyond the home to society at large in a host of social reforms, including the temperance and anti-obscenity movements. The impact that settlement houses and salvation army established immigrants and other slum dwellers to be more receptive to a bold experiment called the settle movement. Which were often the worst slums and the community centers were run by middle class women and men to help the poor. High purpose inspired settlement workers left comfortable middle-class homes to live in settlement houses. They motivated themselves to serve and sacrifice their time to help those in need. Teaching immigrants the American ways and helping create a community with right living social relations. Political boss settlement reformers helped from day nurseries to English language and cooking classes to playgrounds and libraries. They also improved houses, women working conditions, and public schools. The impact of cultural city life on the rest of the country served as centers of culture and education. Education became a important tool for social control and assimilation. Colleges and universities increasingly met the needs of an urban industrial society by providing a corps of educated leaders and managers. In cities middle and working-class gained access to a new material culture and new forms of mass entertainment that were leveling and unite American society. Other entertainments divided along class lines. Such as symphony concerts, museums, and a growing record industry for the upper classes. The middle class and saloons, amusement park for the work of a democratic republic some way to bring order out of the seeming chaos of urban life.