the internet has become useful and computers are in every household. With the advantages
the internet has to offer with paying
bills online, watching movies, and video chatting on your phone and even social
media to socialize with friends and family. In 1995 Dr. Gene Stephens predicted
that billions of dollars would be lost about the present and future of
cybercrimes. Even though we can think of using the internet with ease and not think
about crimes happening online from credit card fraud or being filmed on Facebook
are many types of cybercrimes range from Identity theft to Cyberstalking. The
crime of Data theft/Theft involves when a person infringes copyright violations.
Even if you’re the authorized user you can still be charged for theft even for
instance government computers now they got rid of flash drives since there were
instances of them being lost or stolen and could have classified information.
committing data theft, the network, the network is often controlled by a
Malware a malicious software that gives the individual full to partial control
of a network. Malware can be a virus or
spyware. The use malware to get access to a system to steal information that
can be classified and sensitive. These laws apply to emails and websites, as
well as using the internet to commit identity theft or other forms of fraud.
Computer hacking is the most everyday crime
people hear roughly every day. This offence is committed when an individual’s
computer is broken into and their personal and sensitive information can be
accessed into. Instead of breaking into
your home for personal information such as bank statements and credit card
accounts. They now have the means of committing this act right in their own
homes. Hacking is a felony and punishable accordingly. With hacking the
criminal uses a range of software to remotely enter a person’s computer or use
a virus to gain access (malware).
crime of child abuse and child solicitation occurs when criminals solicit
minors via chat rooms for child pornography and solicitation of sex. The FBI and
Child exploitation Unit have been spending a lot of time observing chat rooms that
children use often hoping that their efforts will decrease and prevent child abuse.
In all fifty states also, the federal government It’s a crime to make,
possess, or transmit images that portray child pornography. There are
also laws which prohibit transmitting harmful materials to children. “Harmful
materials” include sexual or pornographic images that may be legal for adults
to view, but which are harmful to, or inappropriate for, children.
With more people doing
their transactions online now for paying bills, bank transactions, and
shopping. These are the people the criminals are trying to target since they
are doing things online. There are steps to prevent cybercrime from happening
to you mainly it rests on the education of cybercrime of the individual to
maintain backup of computer. Check security settings, use anti-virus software,
and stay anonymous.
The fines for a
conviction of computer and internet crimes range. A misdemeanor can result to
minor fines of a few hundred dollars or up to $1,000. (http://www.criminaldefenselawyer.com/crime-penalties/federal/computer-crimes.htm).
While felony convictions can have fines that exceed $100,000. A person
convicted of certain internet or computer crimes may also face a jail or prison
sentence. The serious crimes such as possessing child pornography can result in
a prison sentence of 20 years or more. Probation sentences for cyber
crimes are also possible as either individual penalties or in addition to jail
or fines. Probation terms can differ widely but last at least one year and
require the person on probation to not commit more crimes, maintain employment,
report to a probation officer, and pay all court costs and fines.
With the use of the Dark
net it is easy for criminals to bypass the regular severs and hide the IP
address with The Onion Router (TOR). The onion router isn’t a secret to the
government it was originally designed to keep undercover agents in the field to
be protected instead of going through the regular internet. Naval Research used
TOR to protect itself so that the enemy could not trace them or their ships
position with their IP address.
Ross Ulbricht the creator
of the Silk Road allegedly used TOR the system to hide the location of the
computer servers that hosted the Silk Road website. The Silk Road was a
sophisticated black-market website offering illegal drugs to hit men.
Originally the Silk road was used a customer friendly store front but once
inside you can buy fake passports, hit men, and computer hackers.
With criminals using more
high-tech means to access our personal information we must protect ourselves.
We must educate ourselves on how not to be the victim and protect our own identity. Ways to protect yourself use firewalls,
anti-virus software, go to trusted internet sites and never open suspicious
emails. Also educate your family about cybercrime to prevent being the victim.